Grand View Research: Dark Fiber Networks – Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis

Executive Summary

The global dark (unlit) fiber network [1.] market size is estimated to reach $11.22 billion by 2027, according to the new report by Grand View Research, Inc.  That market is anticipated to expand at a 12% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period.

Note 1.  In fiber-optic communications, fiber optic cables that are not yet put in service by a provider or carrier, are termed as dark or unlit fiber. Network communications and telecom usually use the network. In regular fiber networks, information is sent through the cables in light pulses. Whereas, dark fiber networks are known to be ‘dark’ as no light or data is transmitted from it.

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Dark Fiber Market Positioning

The dark fiber market has emerged as a sustainable solution for various organizations that are focusing on enhanced communication and network management. Continuously increasing penetration of internet services, over the period, has paved the way for the high demand for internet bandwidth. This demand is expected to remain rampant over the forecast period. This is the most significant factor driving the market growth. The market is strongly supported by companies with high reliance on internet connectivity. These networks are highly beneficial for organizations with a high volume of data flow in their operation. These benefits include reduced network latency, scalability, reliability, and enhanced security.

North America dark fiber network market size

Dark fiber networks can be installed and set-up using point-to-multipoint or point-to-point configurations. Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) is an essential factor for the improvement and development of dark fiber networks. DWDM occurs when many data signals are transmitted using the same optical fiber at the same time. Although these signals are transmitted around the same time, they are transmitted at separate and unique wavelengths to keep these data signals separate. The significant benefits of DWDM include an increase in bandwidth of the optical fiber, high-quality internet performance, lightning-fast internet, and secure and powerful network.

Dark fiber networks are not just used for business purposes but can be installed beneath land and oceans. Some of the interesting uses cases of dark fiber include earthquake research and to monitor permafrost. Some of the disadvantages include high initial cost and loss of time in setting up your infrastructure and high repairing and maintenance costs. Similarly, large dark fiber networks are currently available at metropolitan cities only and yet to at small cities and towns.

Key suggestions from the report:

  • The significant benefits of DWDM include an increase in bandwidth of the optical fiber, high-quality internet performance, lightning-fast internet, and secure and powerful network
  • Telecommunication is anticipated to present promising growth prospects due to growing adoption of the 5G technology in communication and data transmission services
  • Medical and military and aerospace application segments are poised to witness significant growth, attributed to increasing adoption of optic technology devices
  • Asia Pacific is expected to witness the fastest growth owing to technological advancements and large-scale adoption of the technology in IT and telecommunication and administrative sector

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Fiber Type Insights  

In 2019, the multimode segment led the market in terms of revenue and held around 60% of the total market share. It is also expected to continue leading the market over the forecast period. This type is best suited for short transmission distances. It is mainly used in video surveillance and Local-area Network (LAN) systems. Single-mode fiber, on the other hand, is best suited for longer transmission distances. It is mainly used in multi-channel television broadcast systems and long-distance telephony. Single mode segment is anticipated to witness considerable growth over the projected period. This product type is used for long distance installations ranging from 2 meters to 10,000 meters. It offers lower power loss in comparison to multimode. However, it is costlier than multimode fibers.

Network Type Insights

Long-haul fiver systems remained the mainstay of the market in 2019, capturing 69.7% revenue share. The segment continues to gather pace due to their capacity to connect over large distances at low signal intensity. Such long-haul terrestrial networks are widely applied in undersea cabling across long oceanic distance, thus attracting the participation of several organizations in terms of investments. For instance, in May 2018, Vodafone Group deployed 200G long-haul network-largest in the world-across 88 cities in India, covering over 43,000 km of network.

Long-haul network is driven by continuously growing investments, development of smart cities, and strong competitive dynamics in the market. However, the broadening availability of metro network fibers at relatively cost-effective price is gradually swinging the momentum towards the segment over the next few years.

Application Insights

In terms of revenue, telecommunication segment dominated the market with a share of 43.3% in 2019 and is anticipated to retain its dominance in terms of market size by 2027. Telecommunication is anticipated to present promising growth prospects due to growing adoption of the 5G technology in communication and data transmission services. Dark fiber enables high-speed data transfer services in both small and long-range communications. Furthermore, increasing cloud-based applications, audio-video services, and Video-on-Demand (VoD) services stimulate the demand.

Global dark fiber network market share

Medical and military and aerospace application segments are poised to witness significant growth, attributed to increasing adoption of optic technology devices. Stringent regulations and standards imposed by the regulatory authorities and medical associations are further fueling the market to flourish in the medical sector, eventually driving the overall growth.

Regional Insights

In 2019, North America led held largest market share in terms of revenue with around 30%. Asia Pacific is spearheading revenue growth owing to technological advancements and large-scale adoption of the technology in IT and telecommunication and administrative sector. High penetration of the technology in manufacturing sector and expanding IT and telecom sector across Asia Pacific are strengthening the regional market hold. Moreover, increasing application of fiber networks in medical sector is catapulting growth across countries, such as China, Japan, and India, thus propelling the overall demand at a significant pace.

Governments of developed countries such as U.S., U.K., Germany, China, and Japan are heavily investing in security infrastructure at country levels. Awareness is growing among the rapidly developing economies that aim to strengthen their hold at the global level. This is eventually necessitating the funding for technologies, majorly across the fiber networks that would enhance the telecommunication sector infrastructure with better security measures.

Dark Fiber Networks Market Report Scope

Report Attribute Details
Market size value in 2020 USD 5.09 billion
Revenue forecast in 2027 USD 11.22 billion
Growth Rate CAGR of 12.0% from 2020 to 2027
Base year for estimation 2019
Historical data 2016 – 2018
Forecast period 2020 – 2027
Quantitative units Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2027
Report coverage Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
Segments covered Fiber type, network type, application, region
Regional scope North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; South America; Middle East & Africa
Country scope U.S.; Canada; Mexico; U.K.; Germany; France; Japan; China; India; Australia; Brazil
Key companies profiled AT&T Intellectual Property; Colt Technology Services Group Limited; Comcast; Consolidated Communications; GTT Communications, Inc.; Level 3 Communications, Inc. (CenturyLink, Inc.); NTT Communications Corporation; Verizon Communications, Inc.; Windstream Communications; Zayo Group, LLC
Customization scope Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope
Pricing and purchase options Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

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Grand View Research has segmented the global dark fiber network market based on fiber type, network type, application, and region:

  • Dark Fiber Network Fiber Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • Single Mode
    • Multi-mode
  • Dark Fiber Network Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • Metro
    • Long-haul
  • Dark Fiber Network Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • Telecom
    • Oil & Gas
    • Military & Aerospace
    • BFSI
    • Medical
    • Railway
    • Others
  • Dark Fiber Network Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • North America
      • U.S.
      • Canada
      • Mexico
    • Europe
      • France
      • Germany
      • U.K.
    • Asia Pacific
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
    • South America
      • Brazil
    • Middle East & Africa
  • List of Key Players in the Dark Fiber Network Market
    • AT&T Intellectual Property
    • Colt Technology Services Group Limited
    • Comcast, Consolidated Communications
    • GTT Communications, Inc.
    • Level 3 Communications, Inc. (CenturyLink, Inc.)
    • NTT Communications Corporation
    • Verizon Communications, Inc.
    • Windstream Communications
    • Zayo Group, LLC

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References:

https://prnmedia.prnewswire.com/news-releases/dark-fiber-network-market-size-worth-11-22-billion-by-2027-cagr-12-grand-view-research-inc–803030065.html

https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/dark-fiber-networks-market

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